Contents

Volume 16 Number 2 2014
ISSN: 1461-3557  eISSN: 1478-1603

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ARTICLE

The Nigeria police and the search for integrity in the midst of diverse challenges: an effective police management approach
Keywords: corruption, brutality, stress, integrity, Nigeria police
Matthias Olufemi Dada Ojo      87
DOI: doi: 10.1350/ijps.2014.16.2.331

ABSTRACT

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IJPSM 16 (2014) 87

The Nigeria police and the search for integrity in the midst of diverse challenges: an effective police management approach
Matthias Olufemi Dada Ojo

This paper examines the challenges that threaten the integrity of the Nigeria police. Corruption, police brutality, bad discretion during investigations, stress, questionable recruitment and promotion, and poor police–community relations are identified and explained as factors that have seriously damaged the image and integrity of the Nigeria police. The paper proceeds to offer solutions to the problems through the eradication of corruption from the police and the whole of Nigerian society, effective management of police accountability, good salary and welfare packages for officers in the Nigeria police, complete professionalisation of the Nigeria police, further education and training for officers, and the establishment of good police–community relations. The implementation of these solutions will produce the ideal police institution, yearned for by the Nigerian people.

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The county sheriff in films: a portrait of law enforcement as a symbol of rural America
Keywords: cultivation theory, film studies, county sheriff, rural America, law enforcement
MaCherie M. Placide and Casey LaFrance      101
DOI: doi: 10.1350/ijps.2014.16.2.331

ABSTRACT

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IJPSM 16 (2014) 101

The county sheriff in films: a portrait of law enforcement as a symbol of rural America
MaCherie M. Placide and Casey LaFrance

For years, there has existed a gap in academic research on county sheriffs in their role in rural law enforcement. However, the image of the county sheriff has been caricatured perennially on the silver screen, ie, in films. This study, rooted in cultivation theory, uses qualitative film analysis in an attempt to identify common themes and heuristics in media portrayals of the sheriff. After identifying these themes, we explore the implications of these portrayals for public perceptions of the sheriff as a professional law enforcement officer and as an elected official. We argue that the sheriff serves as a symbol of rural America — and conclude by discussing the implications of this phenomenon and how it might be ameliorated by more intense research focused on the sheriff.

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How useful is a problem-solving approach to police station conflict management: keeping the peace among police officers
Keywords: police, conflict management, mediation, conflict resolution, problem-solving, symbolic interactionism
Donal P. Corcoran      113
DOI: doi: 10.1350/ijps.2014.16.2.332

ABSTRACT

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IJPSM 16 (2014) 113

How useful is a problem-solving approach to police station conflict management: keeping the peace among police officers
Donal P. Corcoran

Conflict management is the overall approach an organisation uses to respond to disputes and difficult issues in the workplace. Some of the theoretical ideas that underlie contemporary conflict management, however, are different from the prevailing cultural norms present in many policing organisations. For a police supervisor to develop the most effective approach to in-house conflict mediation then, some considered awareness might be necessary. The purpose of this article is first to distinguish the character of the traditional problem-solving approach to in-house police conflict management. It is suggested that the frame one applies to conflict may affect what one sees and does. Afterwards, the article draws on a case study of a workplace conflict that took place recently in the Irish National Police Service, relating to the introduction of a new-style criminal investigation. The purpose of this case study is to demonstrate that from a social interactionary perspective, the problem-solving conflict approach was not capable of unmasking the relational, meaning-making and value intricacies in the circumstances described. Drawing on this appraisal, an assessment is offered for police supervisors wishing to engage in their own mediation efforts, which encompasses a critical assessment of the deficiency of the problem-solving approach to personnel disagreements. Ultimately, a conclusion is reached that successful conflict intervention demands a careful look at the interpretive relationships between opposition parties; a police supervisor needs to help conflicting opponents to query much of what they suppose they know about the other, in order to learn what really motivates them and why.

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Police culture and the integration of women officers in India
Keywords: police culture, gender, integration, equal opportunity, police tasks, gendered roles, performance, occupational stress, management strategies, India
Mangai Natarajan      124
DOI: doi: 10.1350/ijps.2014.16.2.333

ABSTRACT

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IJPSM 16 (2014) 124

Police culture and the integration of women officers in India
Mangai Natarajan

Broad social changes in developing countries such as India have resulted in the increased representation of women officers. The philosophy governing their integration into the police is that they should be treated equally to men and they should be provided with the same opportunities to undertake the same tasks. The influx of new cohorts of women into the police in recent years in India, resulting from its 1997 labour law legislation which required that 33 per cent of new hires for government organisations be women, provides the opportunity to examine how well women have been integrated into performing police tasks, how contented they are with their roles, how their male counterparts judge their performance and whether they accept women as equal partners. Using a survey questionnaire and an unstructured interview schedule, this study gathered data in 2010 from 222 men and 218 women police constables with 13 years or less service in the Tamil Nadu Police. The main finding of the study is that, in spite of the increased representation of women in the police force and their broad exposure to a wide range of duties, they are still negatively perceived by their male counterparts. This negative perception seems to have been internalised by women, many of whom reported that they prefer a traditional policing role. These findings suggest that the police should re-evaluate their gender integration policies, perhaps to include more gender-sensitive allocation of duties.

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The organisational structure of police departments and assaults on police officers
Keywords: police organisations, police safety
Dale W. Willits      140
DOI: doi: 10.1350/ijps.2014.16.2.334

ABSTRACT

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IJPSM 16 (2014) 140

The organisational structure of police departments and assaults on police officers
Dale W. Willits

Previous research links police organisational factors to various police outcomes. However, although research has examined the relationship between specific organisational practices and violence against police, less research has examined the relationship between organisational structure and violence against police officers. Moreover, the research that examines this relationship has typically utilised unreliable data. This study examines the relationship between police organisational structure and assaults on police officers in the USA using data from the 1999– 2001 National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIRBS), 2000 Census and 2000 Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Survey (LEMAS) data sets. Negative binomial regression models suggest that organisational context and organisational complexity are important predictors of violence against police officers. Specifically, controlling for other factors, police departments serving more disadvantaged communities report higher rates of assaults against police officers, whereas those that are more functionally and spatially differentiated report lower levels of assault.

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Workforce diversity: downsizing in the NYPD and its effect on minority integration
Keywords: demographic analysis, ethnic diversity, minority integration, Simpson index, workforce diversity, workforce downsizing
Salomon Alcocer Guajardo      155
DOI: doi: 10.1350/ijps.2014.16.2.335

ABSTRACT

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IJPSM 16 (2014) 155

Workforce diversity: downsizing in the NYPD and its effect on minority integration
Salomon Alcocer Guajardo

Workforce downsizing (ie, the reduction or elimination of positions) may have a significant positive or negative impact on minority employment and the level of diversity that exists within a public agency. This study examines the impact that downsizing has had on the employment of minority police officers and civilians, and levels of diversity in the New York City Police Department (NYDP) from 2000 to 2012 as the agency has reduced its workforce. The findings show that minority integration has increased despite the workforce downsizing. As the NYPD reduced the number of police and civilian positions since 2000, the number of minorities the agency hired increased, while the number of White employees declined, contributing to an increase in the level of workforce diversity.

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BOOK REVIEW

Kieran McCartan      168
DOI: doi: 10.1350/ijps.2014.16.2.336

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Links to other issues

Volume 4 (2002) :   1   2   3   4

Volume 5 (2003) :   1   2   3   4

Volume 6 (2004) :   1   2   3

Volume 7 (2005) :   1   2   3   4

Volume 8 (2006) :   1   2   3   4

Volume 9 (2007) :   1   2   3   4

Volume 10 (2008) :   1   2   3   4

Volume 11 (2009) :   1   2   3   4

Volume 12 (2010) :   1   2   3   4

Volume 13 (2011) :   1   2   3   4

Volume 14 (2012) :   1   2   3   4

Volume 15 (2013) :   1   2   3   4

Volume 16 (2014) :   1   2

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